A brain injury is a serious condition that can cause devastating consequences on both the physical and mental health of a person.

The two primary types are Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) and Non-Traumatic Brain Injuries (nTBI).

1. Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injury occurs when the brain experiences a sudden and violent blow to the head. In many cases, these injuries are caused by external force associated with falls, motor vehicle accidents, physical assaults, as well as fights, or sports injuries.

TBIs can range from mild traumatic brain injuries to more serious injuries that may result in bruising, bleeding, or torn tissues in the brain.

While mild traumatic brain injuries are less severe than more-serious cases, they still need attention to ensure they don’t lead to long-term complications or even death.

Most people with traumatic brain injuries fully recover, although some experience lasting impairments that can significantly impact their quality of life.

Examples of TBIs include: 


Concussions are a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by a bump or blow to the head. They happen when the head has been hit hard enough to affect the functioning of the brain. 

Symptoms may include dizziness and lightheadedness, nausea, sleep disturbances, headaches, and difficulty thinking clearly or concentrating. 

Brain contusion

A brain contusion is a bruise of the brain tissue. It is usually caused by trauma to the head, such as in a car accident.

Cerebral contusion increases a patient’s chances of long-term disability and death.

Treatment depends on the severity and symptoms but may include rest, ice, pain medication, and surgery in some cases.


If a blood vessel ruptures, it can cause an intracranial hematoma. A hematoma is a buildup of blood outside of a ruptured blood vessel and among the layers of tissue in the brain. It is a medical condition in which blood accumulates inside the brain.

There are three types of hematomas: epidural, subdural, and intracerebral hematomas.

Other examples of TBIs include coup-contrecoup brain injury, diffuse axonal injury, shaken baby syndrome, second impact syndrome, and penetrating injury.

2. Non-Traumatic Brain Injuries

Non-traumatic injuries in the brain, unlike traumatic ones, happen from non-violent internal factors like a loss of oxygen or toxic exposure. These happen when there is no obvious external force applied to the head. 

Examples of nTBIs include: 


Hemorrhagic non-traumatic brain injuries are the result of bleeding in the brain as a result of a ruptured aneurysm. 

They can be classified as either intracerebral or subarachnoid. 


A stroke may develop due to an interruption of the blood supply to the brain that causes injury or death to the brain cells. 

Ischemic strokes happen when an artery to the brain becomes blocked by a blood clot. Hemorrhagic strokes happen when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. 

Other examples of non-traumatic brain injury include aneurysms, near drowning, tumors, and anoxic brain injury.

Did you suffer a brain injury? LionsGate Law Group can help

It’s essential to consult with an experienced personal injury lawyer who has successfully handled hundreds of cases like yours. 

LionsGate Law Group understands the challenges that come along with having a traumatic head injury and we’re here to help you make sense of your situation so you can get the compensation you deserve.

Contact us for a free consultation at 800-454-5299.